[8] Five years after its annexation, the British replaced Negapatam (modern-day Nagapattinam) with Thanjavur as the seat of the district administration. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the centre of the city. In the 9th century, Thanjavur was the capital of the Chola kingdom. This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 05:40. Thanjavur is the cultural and political center of the Thanjavur Marathi people. It is the district headquarters by the same name. Christian Missionaries played a prominent role in promoting English education in Thanjavur. Name three ruling dynasties of Southern India and mention names of temples constructed by them. [42] Over eighty per cent of its manuscripts are in Sanskrit and many of them are on palm leaves. deal and discounts with lowest price on Resort Booking. It was created as a people's park by the Tanjore municipality in 1871–72. The municipality of Tanjore was created in 1866 as a third grade municipality as per Town Improvements Act 1865 and initially consisted of 12 members. [81], On 10 April 2013, the state government announced in the Assembly that Thanjavur municipality will be upgraded to a Municipal corporation. Out of the below rivers, Kaveri River Palar River, Vaigai River, Noyyal River, Cheyyar River, Moyar River, Bhavani River, Thamirabarani River … Starting from the 1350s, the Ma'bar Sultanate was steadily absorbed into the rising Vijayanagar Empire. An early capital of the Chola empire from the 9th to the 11th century, it was important during the Vijayanagar, Maratha, and British periods. List of educational institutions in Thanjavur, Periyar Maniammai Institute of Science & Technology, Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology, "Scope of digital mapping exercise in city likely to be enlarged", "Station: Tanjavur Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)", "Agricultural Contingency Plan of District Thanjavur", "National Agricultural developmental program – District agricultural plan of Thanjavur district", https://eparlib.nic.in/bitstream/123456789/1455/1/lsd_02_01_31-05-1957.pdf, "South zone cultural centre to celebrate silver jubilee soon", "World Heritage Sites – Chola Temple – Brihadisvara", "A stickler for tradition in Tanjore painting", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thanjavur", "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", "NH wise Details of NH in respect of Stretches entrusted to NHAI", "Passengers demand new train from Thanjavur to Chennai on mainline", "Cancellation and partial cancellation of trains from December 4", "Thanjavur Air Force base to be a major one soon", "Delay in Completion of Strategic Air Force Projects", "IAF's Modernisation Projects' 75% Completion By 2022: Air Chief Marshal Browne", "IAF to modernise, raise four more Su-30MKI squadrons", "Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "Deputy Mayor of Thanjavur Municipal Corporation", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2014, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration", "Thanjavur to be upgraded as City Municipal Corporations", "Map showing the new assembly constituencies", "Tiruvarur gifts highest-ever victory margin to Karunanidhi", "General Elections to Lok Sabha, 2009, name and address of the elected members of parliamentary constituencies in Tamil Nadu", "Key highlights of the general elections 1952 to the First Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1957 to the Second Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1962 to the Third Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1984 to the Eighth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1989 to the Ninth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1991 to the Tenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1967 to the Fourth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1971 to the Fifth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1998 to the Twelfth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1999 to the Thirteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 2004 to the Fourteenth Lok Sabha", "Key highlights of the general elections 1977 to the Sixth Lok Sabha", "Transforming a rice bowl into a food processing hub", "Students throng Passport Seva Kendra in Tiruchi and Thanjavur", Conversion of City Corporate Plan into Business Plan, Trichy-Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thanjavur&oldid=1000035059, Articles with dead external links from January 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from March 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It was originally constructed by the rulers of the Thanjavur Nayak kingdom and after their fall, it served as the official residence of the Thanjavur Marathas. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. [63] With the expansion of the city area, the opportunities for agriculture is limited and only 7% of the population is involved in it. [49] Thanjavur painting is a major form of classical South Indian painting from Thanjavur. [80] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 62 members, one each from the 62 wards. When the Chola Empire began to decline in the 13th century, the Pandyas from the south invaded and captured Thanjavur twice, first during 1218–19 and then during 1230. Deva Raya's inscription dated 1443, Thirumala's inscription dated 1455 and Achuta Deva's land grants dated 1532 and 1539 attest Vijayanagar's dominance over Thanjavur. [8][9] During the first decade of the eleventh century, the Chola king Raja Raja Chola I (985–1014) constructed the Brihadeeswarar Temple at Thanjavur. Manufacture of musical instruments like veena, tambura, violin, mrithamgam, thavil and kanjira is another economic activity in the city. There are frequent passenger trains from the city to towns like Thiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Karaikal, Tiruchirapalli, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai and Nagore.[67][68][69]. The total area of the city is 36.33 km2 (14.03 sq mi). Sugarcane and peanuts (groundnuts) are grown in addition to rice; grain processing is a significant industry. [2][3][citation needed], There are no references to Thanjavur in any of the Sangam period (third century BC to fourth century AD) Tamil records, though some scholars believe that the city has existed since that time. [55][56] The sarees produced in the villages surrounding Thanjavur are sold in Thanjavur and neighbouring towns. [59] A total of 19,860 were under the age of six, constituting 10,237 males and 9,623 females. The original name of the Shiva deity is Rajarajeshvaram. Kaveri (also known as Cauvery, the anglicized name) is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.The Kaveri river rises at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri range in the Western Ghats, Kodagu district of the state of Karnataka, at an elevation of 1,341 m above mean sea level and flows for about 800 km before its outfall into the Bay of Bengal. Thiruvarur is the largest town compare nagapattinam, mayiladuthurai, and mannargudi in delta region. It dates back to about the 1600s, the period of Nayakas of Thanjavur, who encouraged art, classical dance and music literature, both in Telugu and Tamil. The Odambokki river passes through the centre of the Thiruvarur covers an area of 2,374 km 2 (917 sq mi) and had a population of 58301 as of 2011. Information and translations of thanjavur in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. It is now a tourist centre. Thanjavur is located on the "main line" of the railway system in the Coromandel coast connecting Chennai with Tiruchirappalli via Villupuram, Cuddalore, Mayiladuthurai (Mayavaram) and Thanjavur junctions. Use the map to find hotels in the Thanjavur neighborhood you prefer; Use the filters to see hotels in a specific area of Thanjavur, select a specific theme, brand, or hotel class from basic (1 Star) to luxury hotels (5 Stars) in Thanjavur; Enter your travel dates to view the best deals on hotels in Thanjavur - … Kallanai is also known as the “Grand Anicut”.It is one of the oldest irrigation dams in the world built around 2000 years ago.It is the world ancient first dam which is built In Running water across the Kaveri River in Trichy District in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India.. The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson. Full-service spa, dining Pop. C.V. Schwartz of the Danish Mission. An approximate time-scale of Thanjavur rulers. [115], About 110 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from Thanjavur every day by door-to-door collection and subsequently the source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the Thanjavur Corporation. Kalamalla stone inscription (the first stone inscription) was done by Renati Chola king Erikal Muthuraju Dhanunjaya Varma of 575 CE[citation needed] According to local legend, the word Thanjavur is derived from "Tanjan", an asura (giant) in Hindu mythology who was killed in what is now Thanjavur by the Hindu god Neelamegha Perumal, a form of Vishnu. To maximise agricultural produce, organic farming is being implemented. During the second invasion, the Chola king Rajaraja III (1216–56) was exiled and he sought the help of the Hoysala king Vira Narasimha II (1220–35) to regain Thanjavur. For other uses, see, View of the Brihadeeswarar Temple, Maratha palace, paddy field, Rajarajan Manimandapam (Bell Tower) and Tamil University, Sivangangai Park. Thiruvarur is also called as a chariot city. In 1787, Amar Singh, the regent of Thanjavur, deposed the minor Raja, his nephew Serfoji II (1787–93) and captured the throne. River cauvery is the Main Source for Cultivation in this district, which is known for its heritage in water management. [41] "Sangeetha Mahal" has a permanent handicrafts exhibition centre. [54] The total rice production has been maintained at 10.615 L.M.T and 7.077 L.M.T. Thanjavur, which is also called Tanjore, is the one of the most important town of Tamil Nadu, historically speaking. Thanjavur Air Force Station (IATA: TJV, ICAO: VOTJ) of the Indian Air Force (IAF) is located in Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, India.It is home to a No. The temple is considered to be one of the best specimens of Tamil architecture.[10][11][12][13]. [113], Electricity supply to Thanjavur is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). Definition of thanjavur in the Definitions.net dictionary. [52][53] Paddy (unmilled rice) is the crop and the other crops grown are blackgram, banana, coconut, gingelly, ragi, red gram, green gram, sugarcane and maize. Kaveri River and its tributaries are the main source of irrigation in Thanjavur district. [14] Thanjavur was eventually annexed along with the rest of the Chola kingdom by the Pandya king Maravarman Kulasekara Pandyan I (1268–1308) in 1279 and the Chola kings were forced to accept the suzerainty of the Pandyas. [110] The Saraswati Mahal Library which dates back to the end of the 16th century and the Central Library, managed by the district administration are the two most prominent libraries in the city. The Tamil works include treatises on medicine, and commentaries on Sangam literature. Thanjavur has a well-maintained sub-urban public transport system. [32], Thanjavur is an important pilgrim centre and a major tourist destination of Tamil Nadu. Serfoji II was restored in 1799 with the assistance of the British, who induced him to relinquish the administration of the kingdom and left him in charge of Thanjavur fort and surrounding areas. The major occupation of the inhabitants of the city is tourism and service-oriented industry, while the traditional occupation is agriculture. [58] As per the religious census of 2011, Thanjavur (M) had 82.87% Hindus, 8.34% Muslims, 8.58% Christians, 0.01% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.06% Jains, 0.11% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference. [82][83] Thanjavur City Corporation is likely to have an area of 110.27 km2 (42.58 sq mi) of area, with a population of 3,20,828 and an income of ₹411.8 million (US$5.8 million). Thanjavur is connected by rail with most important cities and towns in India. The functions of the municipality are devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. The city along with its suburbs is a part of Trichy Electricity Distribution Circle. The British referred to the city as Tanjore in their records. The average literacy of the city was 83.14%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. It lies in the Kaveri (Cauvery) River delta, about 30 miles (50 km) east of Tiruchchirappalli. For its namesake district, see, "Tanjore" redirects here. In modern times, these paintings have become souvenirs of festive occasions in South India, wall decors, and collectors' items for art lovers.[50][51]. The city acts as a focal point for food grains transported from the adjoining areas of the Cauvery Delta. It is located on the southern bank of the river Kaveri. Cauvery river flows through Thanjavur. Thanjavur is located at 10°48′N 79°09′E / 10.8°N 79.15°E The tributaries of river Cauvery, namely, the Grand Anaicut canal (Pudhaaru), Vadavaaru and Vennaaru rivers flow through the city. The Brihadeeswarar Temple was completed in around 1010 in the southeastern part of the new capital Thanjavur constructed in the basin of the Kaveri (Cauvery) River by the king of the Chola Dynasty, Rajaraja I (r. 985-1014).It has also been called Rajarajesvara Temple after the king’s name. [34] There were 2,002,225 Indian and 81,435 foreign tourist arrivals in 2009 to Thanjavur. Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the supreme executive head. [4] During 1875 it was converted to a meter gauge line (MG line). The district is located in the delta of the Cauvery River and is mostly agrarian. Composite Thanjavur District with its fertile soil is one of the largest paddy cultivation area not only in Tamilnadu but also in South India. [8][11] The Marathas exercised their sovereignty over Thanjavur throughout the last quarter of the 17th and the whole of the 18th century.

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